Author Archives: Are J. Knudsen

About Are J. Knudsen

Are J. Knudsen is a senior researcher at the Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI) specializing in post–civil war Lebanon. His research interests include urban refugees, forced migration, and communal conflict. He has published articles and edited books on these topics including Palestinian Refugees: Space and Place in the Levant (Routledge, 2011) and Lebanon: After the Cedar Revolution (Hurst, 2012). His current works explore the convergence of the Palestinian and Syrian refugee crises in informal camps and squatters and conflict entrepreneurs in inner-city conflict.

Introduction: Hybrid Spaces

Recent decades have seen a proliferation of refugee camps; today there are more than one thousand “camps” in operation, catering for more than twelve million displaced people. The circumstances and features of these spaces vary widely—what we commonly describe as refugee camps may be as diverse as the semi-permanent Palestinian camps in the Middle East, temporary shelters set up by migrants in Calais, labeled “illegal” by the French authorities, or evacuation centers for victims of Hurricane Katrina in the United States.1 On other occasions one Continue reading → Continue reading →

Camp, Ghetto, Zinco, Slum: Lebanon’s Transitional Zones of Emplacement

Worldwide there are more than one thousand camps in operation today, catering for an estimated fifteen million displaced people, mainly refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs). The sheer number of formal camps and encampments is staggering and makes it important to examine their humanitarian management.1 The importance of understanding camps, their growth, proliferation, and functions, is one reason why researchers have turned to the seminal works of Giorgio Agamben.2 However, recently there has been a growing critique of Agamben’s totalitarian camp studies, especially when applied Continue reading → Continue reading →