The United States military base at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, came under scrutiny in the early 1990s when it served as the site of detention for Haitian and Cuban refugees brought there following their interdiction at sea by the U.S. Coast Guard. Typically, after a few months at Guantánamo, Cuban refugees were taken to the U.S. mainland, where they received political asylum because they were seen as refugees fleeing a communist nation. Haitian refugees often languished much longer at Guantánamo, and few were granted asylum in the United States. Most often, Haitians would be repatriated even though they were escaping brutal violence due to political conflict.1 One of the obstacles that Haitian refugees faced was that they systematically were not seen as political refugees in the U.S. asylum process. By allowing a space for Haitian refugee testimony, the Guantánamo Public Memory Project attempts to, among other things, rectify the governmental silencing of Haitian refugee voices and complicate U.S. “public memory” by gathering oral histories of those people who were detained at Guantánamo.2 Individual memory is highly contested: shaped by trauma, language, and the passage of time, the memories archived in this public memory project cannot ever fully capture Haitian refugee experiences at Guantánamo.3 Moreover, refugee testimonies share the same digital space of the project with those who worked at the naval base, whether as U.S. military personnel or as Cuban workers. I examine the Guantánamo Public Memory Project by contrasting the fragmented testimonies of Haitian refugees with the authoritative linear oral history of a U.S. military commander at the Guantánamo military detention center.
Follow Us On TwitterMy Tweets
Our new issue has a dossier on human rights ritualism as its centerpiece, from which we are featuring Zachary Manfredi’s piece on the Russell Tribunal. Also in the issue are three articles on atrocity propaganda, Oxfam’s history, and the uses and abuses of measurement in global malnutrition assessment. Finally, the issue rounds out with a review on recent books on humanitarian advocacy.View entire issue >
Recent Blog Posts
The founding editorial collective of Humanity—Nehal Bhuta, Nils Gilman, Nicolas Guilhot, Samuel Moyn, Joseph Slaughter, and Miriam Ticktin—is pleased to announce that, after ten years, its members are stepping down. To take the journal into the future, a new editorial collective has formed. Our transition has already begun, and the official switchover from one collective to the other takes place in the new year. We congratulate and welcome the members of the new editorial collective, who are already open to contact and open for consultation: Continue reading →
Over the course of this week, the Turkish government will be called to account for some of the most heinous human rights violations ever to be witnessed. This demand for justice won’t address the state’s reported crimes against the population of Afrin in the name of national security. And it will undoubtedly entail little, if any, scrutiny regarding the country’s current repressive measures against pro-democratic constituents. Indictments will not be made in international criminal courts or special tribunals. And the victims and perpetrators will not Continue reading →